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Jose Castro

Jose Castro on Chapter 9:

Voltaire obviously continues to criticize the Catholic Church, showing the Grand Inquisitor to be nothing more than a sinful womanizer.

He also stereotypes Don Issachar, portraying him as a greedy, stingy money-grubber who hopes to buy himself earthly happiness. In today’s society, one can see a Don Issachar everywhere, for money and materialism abound.

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Jose Castro on Chapter 6:

The comical side of Voltaire is shown once more in this chapter when Candide and Pangloss are charged for listening with an air of approval.

It is ironic how Pangloss, the optimist, is hanged and not burned and Candide is savagely flogged in cadence to the music.

This savage display of Candide being whipped to the beat of a beautiful song is used by Voltaire to underscore the intolerance and injustice of the Church through its brutal treatment of innocent victims. It’s interesting how a second earthquake struck the city only a few hours later, which makes it clear how ludicrous customs like the auto-da-fé were.

In return, Candide seriously questions the optimistic way of thinking, but then the old woman comes and aids him, which signifies the hope that we should all have within ourselves.

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