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Iris Ramollari

Iris Ramollari on Chapter 3:

It’s interesting that Candide doesn’t notice that its his beloved Pangloss and pays no attention to him and when he find out it is Pangloss he comes rushing to his help. I find it interesting because Candide wants some charity and pity shown towards him when he’s looking for food, but is unable to provide it to someone in a similar situation rather he offers the assistance of another.

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Iris Ramollari on Chapter 5:

In many religions, judgement day is said to occur on a day of traumatic natural events. If you read a little from the section right before this you can see that Voltaire definitely makes this earthquake seem horrible. Also, this earthquake is a reference to the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 that killed between 10,000 and 100,000 people.

“The sea swelled and foamed in the harbour, and beat to pieces the vessels riding at anchor. Whirlwinds of fire and ashes covered the streets and public places; houses fell, roofs were flung upon the pavements, and the pavements were scattered. Thirty thousand inhabitants of all ages and sexes were crushed under the ruins(Chapter 5).” To me this seemed like Voltaire satrizing a radical religious belief in the end of time. Every time a natural disaster occurs, someone always says it is the end of the world.

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Iris Ramollari on Chapter 5:

Of course Pangloss believes what he says. I mean he swears by it throughout the entire novel. Even through a supposed murder and hanging, Pangloss continues to believe in his optimism. Remember that Pangloss is the symbol of blind optimism in Candide. I am with Armen though, I too wonder how Pangloss would explain the bay of Lisbon after its supposed purpose has been served.

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Iris Ramollari on Chapter 12:

To start this discussion off:

Although the old women has had awful luck in her lifetime she still holds hope for a better day tomorrow. Her story insights sympathy for the women of Voltaire’s fictitious world. Is this sympathy really a necessary for the women?

Also, The old women grew up a princess: she had everything provided for her, she was beautiful, and she was only fourteen. However, all this is taken from her. Would her story have been as effective if she hadn’t come from such a position of power? Has this fall from grace and the ensuing climb back affected her views for the world?

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Iris Ramollari on Chapter 11:

Please Dr. Dhein, do not forget that the old women also is one of the realists within the story. She had lived through so many awful and destructive events that she has become almost an observer to the story. It is almost like she is a narrator within a narration. Her story takes the obsurdity of many of Candide’s adevntures and puts them all into perspective. No longer does anything seem impossible, rather just another piece of the narrative puzzle. Her realism, also makes her one of the more boring characters, because by the time we are introduced to her any and all of the absurd events that could have happened to her have.

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  2. Alice Boone, Curator, Candide at 250: Scandal and Success (40)
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  19. Eric Palmer, Allegheny College, editor of the Broadview Editions 'Candide' (3)
  20. Erik Örjan Emilsson (6)
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  23. Jack E. Chandler, MSE (1)
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  26. Jahneen B (1)
  27. James Basker, Richard Gilder Professor of Literary History, Barnard College (5)
  28. James Morrow, author The Last Witchfinder, The Philosopher's Apprentice (23)
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  30. Joe Haldeman (1)
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  32. Jose Lopez (2)
  33. Joseph Galluzzo (10)
  34. Justine Brown, author of Hollywood Utopia and All Possible Worlds (11)
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  50. Nicholas Cronk, Voltaire Foundation, Oxford (4)
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  52. Nicole Horejsi, Assistant Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia University (11)
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  57. Samantha Morse (3)
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  59. Sean Murray, Intrigued Student (1)
  60. Shelley (1)
  61. Stanton Wood, playwright, Candide Americana (13)
  62. Tom Gilbert (5)
  63. Travis Lo (1)
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  65. Victor Uszerowicz (1)
  66. Wataru Hoeltermann, Student at MDC (1)
  67. William Rodriguez (1)
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