Browse Comments by Reader


Grace Kim

Grace Kim on Chapter 13:

The purpose of Candide’s journey is to reflect upon the tragic events that happen around the world and change his optimistic belief. However, at this point, Candide’s journey is slowly progressing, and he has yet to become introduced to other beliefs to fully alter his perception as of the moment. He does show a glimpse of a change when he refers to Pangloss and his teachings and how he should be able to “make a few objections.” This demonstrates the slow character development of Candide.

Go to thread
Grace Kim on Chapter 12:

The Old Woman seems to be another character Voltaire employs to emphasize the belief of optimism, especially when she claims that “A hundred times I was upon the point of killing myself; but still I loved life.” At the same time, going along with Joseph Galluzzo’s comment about how through the Old Woman’s example of suffering, we are vulnerable to fate, that correlates with the belief of determinism.

In addition, there is a religious allusion, when the Old Woman asks, “in brief, to caress the serpent which devours us, till he has eaten our very heart?”, which refers to the fall of mankind. Eve was tempted to take the apple from the tree with Satan’s influence, and God punished Satan into the form of the serpent. This religious allusion correlates again with the belief of determinism–how sin, suffering, and every aspect of our life is left to the hands of fate.

Voltaire employs the belief of optimism and determinism in extreme to reveal the faults of each belief when taken in extreme situations.

Go to thread
  1. Ade1a (2)
  2. Alice Boone, Curator, Candide at 250: Scandal and Success (40)
  3. Amarish Mena (1)
  4. Amy Ward (4)
  5. Anonymous (1)
  6. Arjun Bassin (1)
  7. Armen Hakobyan (1)
  8. Bradley Anderson (1)
  9. Bree Vore (1)
  10. Brette McSweeney (1)
  11. Chris Bruce (1)
  12. Chris Morrow (6)
  13. Christopher Cleveland (2)
  14. Connor Beeks (2)
  15. Connor Hillmann (1)
  16. Corri Schembri (4)
  17. Diana Encalada (2)
  18. Eric Palmer (1)
  19. Eric Palmer, Allegheny College, editor of the Broadview Editions 'Candide' (3)
  20. Erik Örjan Emilsson (6)
  21. Grace Kim (2)
  22. Iris Ramollari (5)
  23. Jack E. Chandler, MSE (1)
  24. Jacqueline Bennifield (4)
  25. Jacqueline Bueno (2)
  26. Jahneen B (1)
  27. James Basker, Richard Gilder Professor of Literary History, Barnard College (5)
  28. James Morrow, author The Last Witchfinder, The Philosopher's Apprentice (23)
  29. Jim Boone (2)
  30. Joe Haldeman (1)
  31. Jose Castro (2)
  32. Jose Lopez (2)
  33. Joseph Galluzzo (10)
  34. Justine Brown, author of Hollywood Utopia and All Possible Worlds (11)
  35. Kate (1)
  36. Kelle Dhein, PhD (1)
  37. Ken Houghton (1)
  38. lah (1)
  39. Leanna Caminero (1)
  40. Lucy Hunter (1)
  41. M. Beasley (1)
  42. Maikel Dominguez (1)
  43. Maria Teresa Ritta (2)
  44. mary mcelroy (1)
  45. Matt C (2)
  46. Matt Pharris (2)
  47. Mgarcia2784 (1)
  48. Monika Mlynarska (3)
  49. Navrose Gill (2)
  50. Nicholas Cronk, Voltaire Foundation, Oxford (4)
  51. Nicholas Petrovich (1)
  52. Nicole Horejsi, Assistant Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia University (11)
  53. Nile Southern (1)
  54. Raj Shah (2)
  55. Rinku Skaria (2)
  56. S McGhee (1)
  57. Samantha Morse (3)
  58. Samantha White, 12th Grade IB Student (2)
  59. Sean Murray, Intrigued Student (1)
  60. Shelley (1)
  61. Stanton Wood, playwright, Candide Americana (13)
  62. Tom Gilbert (5)
  63. Travis Lo (1)
  64. Trisha Amin (1)
  65. Victor Uszerowicz (1)
  66. Wataru Hoeltermann, Student at MDC (1)
  67. William Rodriguez (1)
  68. Zoraida Pastor (1)

This page contains a running transcript of all conversations taking place in Candide organized by reader. Click through the menu on the left to view individual readers’ comments. Click “Go to thread” to see the comment in context. You can also browse comments by chapter. Learn more about our featured commenters.

Total comments in book: 226