Take a visual journey through Voltaire's Candide



Chapter IV:
How Candide Found His Old Master Pangloss, and What Happened to Them

Illustration by Rockwell Kent from: Voltaire. Candide. New York: Random House, 1928. NYPL, Rare Book Division. By Permission of the Plattsburgh State Art Museum, The Rockwell Kent Gallery & Collection.

florins: gold coins once commonly used throughout Europe.

Anabaptist: A member of a Protestant Reformation sect that arose in Switzerland in the 16th century; Anabaptists believed in a literal interpretation of the Bible, rejected infant baptism, and supported the separation of church and state. Anabaptists were persecuted into the 17th century by other Protestants and by Roman Catholics.



Candide, yet more moved with compassion than with horror, gave to this shocking beggar the two florins which he had received from the honest Anabaptist James. The specter looked at him very earnestly, dropped a few tears, and fell upon his neck. Candide recoiled in disgust.

"Alas!" said one wretch to the other, "do you no longer know your dear Pangloss?"

"What do I hear? You, my dear master! you in this terrible plight! What misfortune has happened to you? Why are you no longer in the most magnificent of castles? What has become of Miss Cunegonde, the pearl of girls, and nature's masterpiece?"